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Diagnostic Biomarkers of Dilated Cardiomyopathy
  • Aysan Moein Afshar,
  • Niloufar Yazdanpanah,
  • Nima Rezaei
Aysan Moein Afshar
Tehran University of Medical Sciences School of Medicine
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Niloufar Yazdanpanah
Tehran University of Medical Sciences School of Medicine
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Nima Rezaei
Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Background: Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a condition involving dilation of cardiac chambers, which results in contraction impairment. Besides invasive and non-invasive diagnostic procedures, cardiac biomarkers are of great importance in both diagnosis and prognosis of the disease. These biomarkers are categorized into three groups based on their site; cardiomyocyte biomarkers, microenvironmental biomarkers and macroenvironmental biomarkers. Aims: In this review, an overview of characteristics, epidemiology, etiology and clinical manifestations of DCM is provided. In addition, the most important biomarkers, of all three categories, and their diagnostic and prognostic values are discussed. Conclusion: Considering the association of DCM with conditions such as infections and autoimmunity, which are prevalent among the population, introducing efficient diagnostic tools if of high value for the early detection of DCM to prevent its severe complications. The three discussed classes of biomarkers are potential candidates for the detection of DCM. However, further studies are necessary in this regard.