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Successful spermatogonial stem cells transplantation within Pleuronectiformes: first breakthrough at inter-family level in marine fish
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  • Li Zhou,
  • Xueying Wang,
  • Qinghua Liu,
  • Jingkun Yang,
  • Shihong Xu,
  • Zhihao Wu,
  • Yanfeng Wang,
  • Feng You,
  • Zongcheng Song,
  • Jun Li
Xueying Wang
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Qinghua Liu

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Jingkun Yang
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Shihong Xu
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Yanfeng Wang
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Zongcheng Song
Weihai shenghang
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Jun Li
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As a promising biotechnology, fish germ cell transplantation shows potentials in conservation germplasm resource, propagation of elite species, and generation of transgenic individuals. In this study, we successfully transplanted the Japanese flounder (P. olivaceus), summer flounder (P. dentatus), and turbot (S. maximus) spermatogonia into triploid Japanese flounder larvae, and achieved high transplantation efficiency of 100%, 75-95% and 33-50% by fluorescence tracking and molecular analysis, respectively. Eventually, donor-derived spermatozoa produced offspring by artificial insemination. We only found male and intersex chimeras in inter-family transplantations, while male and female chimeras in both intra-species and intra-genus transplantations. Moreover, the intersex chimeras could mature and produce turbot functional spermatozoa. We firstly realized inter-family transplantation in marine fish species. These results demonstrated successful spermatogonial stem cells transplantation within Pleuronectiformes, suggesting the germ cells migration, incorporation and maturation within order were conserved across a wide range of teleost species.