The Ecological Internet of Things: Transitioning to a Data-Driven Mode
of Ecological Discovery?
AbstractWe argue here that the increased prevalence and use of sensors in
ecology, and the increased availability of networking, has allowed for
the development of a new research paradigm, called the Ecological
Internet of Things. This new paradigm combines global scale sensor
networks collecting a wide array of data types that will enable
researchers to address important, pressing ecological questions. This
paper presents an overview of this new research paradigm and discusses
the challenges that ecologists and conservationists must overcome to
realize the full potential of this set of tools and techniques. To
facilitate discussion and collaboration, we present a simple ontology
for ecological sensors that allows for a common terminology and
conceptual vocabulary among researchers with a variety of backgrounds.
Lastly, we discuss the necessary next steps that allow for the
realization of an Ecological Internet of Things.