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A review of advanced separators for rechargeable batteries
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  • Wei Luo,
  • Siling Cheng,
  • Xianghua Zhang,
  • Dan Yang,
  • Xianhong Rui
Wei Luo
Guangdong University of Technology
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Siling Cheng
Guangdong University of Technology
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Xianghua Zhang
Guangdong University of Technology
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Dan Yang
Guangdong University of Technology
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Xianhong Rui
Guangdong University of Technology

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Abstract

The separator is a key component for rechargeable batteries. It separates the positive and negative electrodes to prevent short-circuit of the battery and also acts as an electrolyte reservoir facilitating metal ion transportation during charging and discharging cycles. Separator selection and use significantly impact the electrochemical performance and safety of rechargeable batteries. This paper reviews the basic requirements of rechargeable battery membrane separators and describes the features, benefits and drawbacks of different types of membrane separators. The structure, characteristics, fabrication, modification, and performance of the separators are discussed, including the microporous membrane, modified microporous membrane, nonwoven membrane, composite membrane, and electrolyte membrane. Finally, it also provides the outlook and suggests future directions for this field of study.