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Pulmonary vein isolation for atrial fibrillation using high-power short-duration radiofrequency or second-generation cryoballoon ablation: comparison of postprocedural lesion size, left atrial function and myocardial injury
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  • Krisztian Kassa,
  • Zsofia Nagy,
  • Daniel Simkovits,
  • Zsuzsanna Kis,
  • Tamas Ferenci,
  • Zoltan Som,
  • Csaba Foldesi,
  • Attila Kardos
Krisztian Kassa
Semmelweis University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Zsofia Nagy
Gottsegen National Cardiovascular Center
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Daniel Simkovits
Gottsegen National Cardiovascular Center
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Zsuzsanna Kis
Gottsegen National Cardiovascular Center
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Tamas Ferenci
Obuda University
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Zoltan Som
Gottsegen National Cardiovascular Center
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Csaba Foldesi
Gottsegen National Cardiovascular Center
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Attila Kardos
Gottsegen National Cardiovascular Center
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Abstract

Introduction: Left atrial (LA) lesion size, function and tissue damage have not been compared following pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) by high-power short-duration (HPSD) radiofrequency (RF) and second-generation cryoballoon (CB2) ablation. Methods: We enrolled 40 patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation who underwent PVI by HPSD RF (n=21) or CB2 (n=19). Every patient underwent LA CT angiography and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) to assess LA anatomy and function. Biomarker levels (hs-cTnT, hs-CRP, LDH) were compared pre-and postprocedurally. Pre- and postablation high-density mapping (HDM) was performed. Isolation area was defined under 0.2 mV bipolar voltage (low voltage area, LVA). We calculated the post-PVI LVA/LA surface ratio using LA CT-HDM merge images. At 3-month follow-up, TTE was performed to assess changes in LA function. Results: Postablation hs-cTnT level was significantly higher in the RF group (RF: 1249 ± 469 ng/L, CB2: 995 ± 280 ng/L, p=0.024). Post-PVI hs-CRP (RF: 9.53 ± 10.30 mg/L, CB2: 12.36 ± 5.76 mg/L, p=0.034) and LDH levels (RF: 349.9 ± 65.6 U/L, CB2: 451.6 ± 91.3 U/L, p <0.001) were significantly higher following CB2 ablation. Post-PVI LVA/LA surface ratios were 8.37 ± 6.42% in the RF group and 13.58 ± 8.92% in the CB2 group (p=0.022). LA function did not change significantly by TTE after the PVI procedure. Conclusions: Our data indicate that second-generation cryoballoon ablation produces significantly larger LA lesion size compared with ”point-by-point” HPSD radiofrequency. Both techniques preserve LA function. The myocardial component of tissue loss appears to be higher using HPSD radiofrequency ablation, with less collateral damage.