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The study of laccase immobilization optimization and stability improvement on CTAB-KOH modified biochar
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  • Zhaobo Wang,
  • Dajun Ren,
  • Shan Jiang,
  • Hongyan Yu,
  • Yaohui Cheng,
  • Shuqin Zhang,
  • Xiaoqing Zhang,
  • Wangsheng Chen
Zhaobo Wang
Wuhan University of Science and Technology
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Dajun Ren
Wuhan University of Science and Technology

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Shan Jiang
Wuhan University of Science and Technology
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Hongyan Yu
Wuhan University of Science and Technology
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Yaohui Cheng
Wuhan University of Science and Technology
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Shuqin Zhang
Wuhan University of Science and Technology
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Xiaoqing Zhang
Wuhan University of Science and Technology
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Wangsheng Chen
Wuhan University of Science and Technology
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Abstract

In this paper, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)-KOH modified biochar (CKMB) was used to immobilize laccase by adsorption method (laccase@CKMB). Based on the results of the single-factor experiments, the optimal loading conditions of laccase@CKMB were studied with the assistance of Design-Expert 12 and response surface methods. The predicted optimal experimental conditions were laccase dosage 1.78 mg/mL, pH 3.1 and 312 K. Under these conditions, the activity recovery of laccase@CKMB was the highest, reaching 61.78 %. Then, the CKMB and laccase@CKMB were characterized by TGA, FT-IR, XRD, BET and SEM, and the results showed that laccase could be well immobilized on CKMB, the maximum enzyme loading could reach 57.5 mg/g. Compared to free laccase, the storage and pH stability of laccase@CKMB was improved greatly. The laccase@CKMB retained about 40 % of relative activity (4 ℃, 30 days) and more than 50 % of relative activity at pH 2-6. In addition, the laccase@CKMB indicated the reusability up to 6 reaction cycles while retaining 45.1 % of relative activity. Moreover, the thermal deactivation kinetic studies of laccase@CKMB showed a lower k value (0.00275 min-1) and higher t1/2 values (252.0 min) than the k value (0.00573 min-1) and t1/2 values (121.0 min) of free laccase. In summary, we explored scientific and reasonable immobilization conditions of laccase@CKMB, and the laccase@CKMB possessed relatively better stabilities, which gave the immobilization of laccase on this cheap and easily available carrier material the possibility of industrial applications.