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“Challenging Behaviors”: What do Picture Books Tell Preschool Children?
  • Fulya Ezmeci,
  • Şeyma Atıcı
Fulya Ezmeci
Erzincan Binali Yildirim University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Şeyma Atıcı
Erzincan Binali Yildirim University
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Abstract

In children's picture books, children can follow the flow of the story and empathize with the characters. The fact that children's books deal with challenging behaviors contributes to the development of children's ability to cope with difficulties and conflicts and to understand the causes and consequences of behaviors. It helps children to develop different perspectives and problem-solving skills. In this context, children's picture books are an important teaching tool in early childhood. In this study, we examined 41 children's picturebooks, geared toward ages 3 to 8 years, that address challenging behaviors. We investigated the challenging behaviors that were the subject of the books and the characters who demonstrate those behaviors. Our analysis indicated that, among the 14 different challenging behaviors we identified, telling a lie, bullying and uncontrolled anger were the most frequently discussed. In some of the books, the characters developed possible solutions as a result of their challenging behaviors. In addition, the characters made an effort to make amends after the challenging behaviors were solved, social acceptance was experienced in the environment where the behavior took place. Thus, the findings of this study indicate that picturebooks examined featured challenging behaviors were written in a solution-oriented format.