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Knowledge and Attitudes of Gout Patients and Their Perspectives About Diagnosis and Management: A Cross-Sectional Study in Saudi Arabia
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  • Abdulrahman Khormi,
  • Abdulaziz Basalem,
  • ALHAYTHAM AL MUADDI,
  • Abdulaziz Alaskar,
  • RAKAN ALGAHTANI,
  • Abdulsalam Alharbi ,
  • Tariq Alanazi ,
  • Nawaf Alqahtani ,
  • Abdulrahman Altamimi
Abdulrahman Khormi
Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University College of Medicine

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Abdulaziz Basalem
Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University College of Medicine
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ALHAYTHAM AL MUADDI
Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University College of Medicine
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Abdulaziz Alaskar
Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University College of Medicine
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RAKAN ALGAHTANI
Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University College of Medicine
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Abdulsalam Alharbi
Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University College of Medicine
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Tariq Alanazi
Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University College of Medicine
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Nawaf Alqahtani
Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University College of Medicine
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Abdulrahman Altamimi
Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University College of Medicine
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Abstract

Background Gout is a chronic non-communicable disease that might lead to multiple systemic complications if it is left untreated. The knowledge and attitudes among patients towards the diagnosis and management of gout are important indicators in determining the prognosis and predicting sequelae of the disease. This cross-sectional survey aimed to assess the knowledge, perspectives, and attitudes of patients diagnosed with gout toward the disease pathology, diagnosis, and treatment. Methodology An observational cross-sectional study was conducted at university clinics and local health facilities in central Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Two-hundred thirteen patients diagnosed with gout were selected by non-random, non-probability convenience sampling and invited to voluntarily participate in this survey. A structured questionnaire, which was written in Arabic and pre-tested in a previous pilot study, was distributed to and collected from the participants between April 2022 and August 2022. The data were entered into an Excel (version 2010) spreadsheet. Pearson chi- square analysis was used to determine associations between dependent variables. Statistical significance was defined as a P-value <0.05. Results The study included 109 patients (51.2%) ≥51 years of age with uncontrolled gout (more than two attacks), 38% of whom were males. The variation in body mass index was not statistically significant (P=0.384). The proportions of patients with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and osteoarthritis were significantly different between patients with uncontrolled vs. controlled gout (P=0.041). There were significant differences between patients with uncontrolled vs. controlled gout in terms of age at diagnosis and the interval between symptom onset and rheumatologist consultation (P=0.043, P=0.043, and P=0.027, respectively). Conclusion Patients were adequately informed about gout and its treatment. Gout control was significantly associated with patients’ knowledge levels, patient age, and gout therapy. There were no associations between patients’ primary complaints and gout status at the time of diagnosis
31 May 2023Submitted to Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
05 Jun 2023Submission Checks Completed
05 Jun 2023Assigned to Editor
05 Jun 2023Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
12 Jun 2023Reviewer(s) Assigned
03 Aug 2023Editorial Decision: Revise Major
28 Aug 20231st Revision Received
30 Aug 2023Submission Checks Completed
30 Aug 2023Assigned to Editor
30 Aug 2023Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
30 Aug 2023Reviewer(s) Assigned
31 Aug 2023Editorial Decision: Accept