Use of ethnoveterinary medicinal plants to treat cattle diseases by the
Oulad Heriz farmers in the Chaouia region, North West of Morocco
Using medicinal plants for healthcare practices in indigenous
communities presents a chance to discover natural remedies. This study
aims to provide a detailed account of the ethnoveterinary knowledge of
medicinal plants utilized for therapeutic purposes. From December 2020
to December 2021, a field investigation was carried out within the Oulad
Heriz tribes. Two hundred local farmers were interviewed using
open-ended, semi-structured discussions, free listing and focus groups.
A total of one hundred medicinal plants belonging to 87 genera and 33
families were discovered to be employed for ethnoveterinary purposes.
Rosmarinus officinalis L. was the most frequently utilized
ethnoveterinary plant species in the study area (70 citations). Leaves
are shown to be the most commonly employed plant parts (55%). However,
digestive disorders were the most often mentioned ailment (33 medicinal
plants, 599 citations), and most herbal medicines were made by infusion
(46.2%). According to the current investigation findings, local farmers
in Oulad Heriz have continuous knowledge of ethnoveterinary plants. This
ethnoveterinary medicinal heritage needs to be incorporated with
contemporary medicine to use plants and their products as potentially
viable medications for various cattle illnesses.