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Floristic diversity and ecological characteristics of Northeastern Gaza strip, Palestine
  • Mohamad Abou Auda
Mohamad Abou Auda
Al-Aqsa University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Abstract

The current study was conducted for the documentation of plant species diversity and its ecological characteristics in Northeastern Gaza strip, Palestine during 2019-2021 in different seasons. The floristic diversity consisted of 146 species, distributed in 116 genera and 46 families. The pre-dominant families of the study area were Compositae (25 species, 17.1%), Poaceae (18 spe-cies,12.3%), Fabaceae (11 species,7.5%), followed by Boraginaceae, Brassicaceae and Solanaceae (5 species, 3.4%). These six families represent 47% of the total families which were identified in the study area, while 25 families are represented by only one species. Out of 116 genera, Avena, Bromus, Euphorbia, Ficus, and Urtica were represented by three species, while Amaranthus was represented by five species. The chorological studies of the identified flora indicated that the most extended chorotypes (69 species) were related to Mediterranean and Irano-Turanian elements which constitute (47.5%) of the total flora. The dominant life-form class was Annual with 87 species (59.5%), followed by Hemicryptophyte with 22 species (15%) and tree with 14 species (9.6%), while parasite was the lowest with one species (0.7%). There were 28 species (19.1%) with spiny nature. This research offers baseline data on the floristic composition and could be an important tool for biodiversity conservation. Moreover, further studies are recommended for exploring other un-recorded plant species.