The effect of relative accuracy and social characteristic strength on
children's selective trust
Two experiment examined the effect of relative accuracy and social
characteristic strength on selective trust in young children aged 4-6.
Experiment 1 manipulated relative accuracy, the results revealed that
when the accuracy difference is relatively small, children’s choice of
accurate dissenter turned into: 4 and 5 years old children chose
consensus with low accuracy, 6 years old children chose dissenter with
high accuracy ; Experiment 2 manipulated the strength of social
characteristics, the results revealed that when the social
characteristics were enhanced, 4 and 5 years old children chose smiling
inaccurate consensus, 6 year old children chose serious accurate lone
informant. To sum up, in conflict situations, relative accuracy and
social characteristic strength can all influence children’s selective
trust; moreover, this study further verified that the ability to make
rational decisions of children would be more and more rational with age.