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Phishing Attacks: Unraveling Tactics, Threats, and Defenses in the Cybersecurity Landscape
  • Muhammad Syafiq Kheruddin,
  • Muhammad Adam Emir Mohd Zuber,
  • Muhammad Mukhlis Mohamad Radzai
Muhammad Syafiq Kheruddin
College of Computing, Informatics & Mathematics, Universiti Teknologi Mara, UiTM Tapah
Muhammad Adam Emir Mohd Zuber
College of Computing, Informatics & Mathematics, Universiti Teknologi Mara
Muhammad Mukhlis Mohamad Radzai
College of Computing, Informatics & Mathematics, Universiti Teknologi Mara

Abstract

This research paper provides a comprehensive exploration of phishing attacks in the cybersecurity landscape, tracing their evolution from rudimentary email scams to sophisticated social engineering tactics and technological integrations. Emphasizing the human-centric nature of phishing, the study delves into the psychological and sociotechnical aspects exploited by attackers, highlighting the significance of understanding human vulnerabilities. The economic and reputational consequences of phishing, including financial losses and long-lasting reputational damage, are scrutinized, underlining the need for comprehensive risk mitigation strategies.