Empowering sustainability: Maximizing Carbon Emission Reduction through Renewable Energy Microgrid, Demand Response, and Battery Storage Optimization
AbstractThis study highlights the need for innovative, climate-smart solutions to power the future. It advocates a comprehensive approach involving renewable energy microgrids, demand response programs, and battery storage optimization to maximize carbon footprint reduction and sustainability. Collaboration between policymakers, utilities, and consumers is essential for widespread adoption. The study identifies several key outcomes: Optimal energy production, optimal energy storage, optimal demand response, and net energy balance. During optimization, carbon emissions were reduced to 72.75 kg CO2, exceeding the original target of 83.39 kg CO2. Additionally, comparing carbon emissions under different scenarios highlights the environmental benefits of renewable energy. Compared to alternative energy sources, the integrated approach shows significant potential in reducing carbon emissions.