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Self-performed Rh typing is a promising adjunct to no-test and self-managed abortion: a cross-sectional study
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  • Divya Dethier,
  • Mary Tschann,
  • Meliza Roman,
  • John J. Chen,
  • Reni Soon,
  • Bliss Kaneshiro
Divya Dethier
University of Hawai'i at Manoa John A Burns School of Medicine

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Mary Tschann
University of Hawai'i at Manoa John A Burns School of Medicine
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Meliza Roman
University of Hawai'i at Manoa John A Burns School of Medicine
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John J. Chen
University of Hawai'i at Manoa John A Burns School of Medicine
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Reni Soon
University of Hawai'i at Manoa John A Burns School of Medicine
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Bliss Kaneshiro
University of Hawai'i at Manoa John A Burns School of Medicine
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Abstract

Objective We sought to determine whether patients are capable and willing to self-administer and interpret an EldonCard test to determine their Rh status. Design Cross-sectional study Setting Ambulatory obstetrics and gynecology clinic in Honolulu, HI Population English-speaking pregnancy-capable people aged 14-50 who did not know their blood type and had never used an EldonCard Methods Participants independently completed EldonCard testing, determined their Rh type and answered a survey on feasibility and acceptability. Separately, a blinded clinician recorded their interpretation of the participant’s EldonCard. When available, we obtained blood type from the electronic health record (EHR). Main Outcome Measures Rh type agreement between participant, clinician and EHR, as well as participant comfort and acceptability of testing Results Of the 330 total participants, 288 (87.3%) completed testing. Patients and clinicians had 94.0% agreement in their interpretation of the EldonCard for Rh status. Patient interpretation had 83.5% agreement with EHR while clinician and EHR had 92.3% agreement. Sensitivity of EldonCard interpretation by patient and clinician was 100%. Specificity was 83.2% for patients and 92.2% for clinicians. Two patients had Rh-negative blood type in the EHR. The vast majority of participants found the EldonCard testing easy (94.4%) and felt comfortable doing the testing (93.7%). Participants with lower education levels felt less confident (p=0.003) and less comfortable with testing (p=0.038), however, their ability to interpret results was similar to others (p=0.051). Conclusions Patient-performed Rh typing via the EldonCard is an effective and acceptable option for patients, and could be used as a primary screening test for Rh status. Funding The Society of Family Planning provided funding to the University of Hawai‘i Complex Family Planning Division to support this research. Keywords abortion; Rh immunization; Rh sensitization; Rh immunoglobulin; self-managed abortion; no-test medication abortion