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Effect of Institutional Quality on Maternal and Child Health in Nigeria
  • Abiola Abosede SOLANKE,
  • Olayinka Olufisayo AKINLO
Abiola Abosede SOLANKE
Polytechnic High School

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Olayinka Olufisayo AKINLO
Federal Polytechnic Bida
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Abstract

Despite the importance of the quality of institutions to healthcare delivery, in developing countries, the institutional role of the health sector remained less effective, affecting the population’s health status, particularly maternal and child health. This study examines the effect of institutional quality on maternal and child health in Nigeria. the main objective of the study is to find out whether or not the quality of institutions affects the health of the populace, concerning maternal and child health in Nigeria. using infant mortality, number of neonatal deaths, maternal mortality rate, and contraceptive prevalence rate to pixies maternal and child health. Democracy and Corruption were used to proxy institutional Quality with inflation, human capital and Gross domestic product as the control variables. Data were analysed using the generalised moment of method. The Result showed that two institutional quality measures (democracy and corruption) significantly impacted some maternal and child health measures, that is, IMR (β = -0.0001, p<0.01), MMR (β = -0.0001, p<0.01), and NND ((β = -0.0001, p<0.01). At the same time, corruption showed a positive and significant influence on IMR (β = 0.0004, p<0.01), MMR (β = 0.0002, p<0.01), and NND (β = 0.0005, p<0.01) and CPR (β = -0.1343, p<0.01) showing a negative and significant impact. The study concluded that the quality of the institutions, particularly the healthcare delivery institutions, impacts maternal and child health in Nigeria.