Land degradation (LD) is a severe and well-known global concern.
Therefore, this review aimed to find broader connections between LD and
the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This literature review aims to
synthesize the definitions, processes, assessments, and challenges
associated with LD. Furthermore, we developed a universally applicable
and concise definition of LD that links a wide range of contexts and
studies. Specifically, we categorized LD-related processes into
physical, chemical, and biological processes and synthesized 20
methods/formulas used in the assessment of LD. Finally, we synthesized
the most significant challenges in the context of the resolution of LD
and provided corresponding recommendations. The review also Identified
the main SDG targets that LD directly affects and the role that LD in
relation to the SDGs. Overall, we expect this literature review to be a
valuable resource for researchers and practitioners aiming to obtain a
broad and comprehensive understanding of LD. These findings should
facilitate sustainable and scientifically rooted use of land resources.