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Attitudes of Political-Administrative Actors Towards the Implementation of Nature-Based Solutions in Water Management - An Example of the Tárcoles River
  • +3
  • Franka Pätzke,
  • Christoph Schulze,
  • Jochen Hack,
  • Karina Castro-Arce,
  • Veronica Alejandra Neumann,
  • Barbara Schröter
Franka Pätzke
Working Group Governance of Ecosystem Services, Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research
Christoph Schulze
Working Group Governance of Ecosystem Services, Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research
Jochen Hack
Institute of Environmental Planning, Research Group SEE-URBAN-WATER, Leibniz University Hannover
Author Profile
Karina Castro-Arce
School of Architecture and Engineering Research Institute, University of Costa Rica, Sede Rodrigo Facio
Veronica Alejandra Neumann
Institute of Environmental Planning, Research Group SEE-URBAN-WATER, Leibniz University Hannover
Barbara Schröter
Lund University, Centre for Sustainability Studies (LUCSUS), Working Group Governance of Ecosystem Services, Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research

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Abstract

Nature-based solutions (NBS) are actions that help communities address social-ecological challenges such as flooding and polluted groundwater. Nevertheless, research shows that in practice, NBS confront several barriers in planning and implementation, many of which are related to the different attitudes of political and administrative actors. We used Q-methodology to explore the attitudes towards the implementation of a constructed wetland as NBS, interviewing decision-makers from the Tárcoles River Basin Commission in Costa Rica, the administrative body in charge of the integrated management of the river. We determined three recognizable viewpoints: "the nature lover", "the cost concerned", and "the participation seeker". Although all members of the commission shared a common vision, it was clear that their priorities differed. Regarding the ways of implementing NBS, interviewees agreed that the country urges a paradigm shift in policy design towards ecosystem-based approaches and emphasized the need for more cooperation among bodies of administration in river basin decision-making. We conclude with suggestions to improve planning and implementation of NBS.