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Innovations in the Care of chILD Associated with Connective Tissue Disease and Immune Mediated Disorders
  • Aaida Samad,
  • Holly Wobma,
  • Alicia Casey
Aaida Samad
Boston Children's Hospital Department of Pediatrics
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Holly Wobma
Boston Children's Hospital Division of Immunology
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Alicia Casey
Boston Children's Hospital Department of Pediatrics

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Childhood interstitial lung disease associated with connective tissue disease and immune mediated is the second most common chILD diagnostic category. As knowledge of the molecular and genetic underpinnings of these rare disorders advances, the recognized clinical spectrum of pulmonary manifestations that can be associated with them continues to broaden. This review will focus on chILD and other pulmonary complications associated with primary immune disorders, namely monogenic inborn errors of immunity as well as acquired systemic autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases. Pulmonary complications, including ILD in these diseases can confer increased risk for morbidity and mortality and can be complex to manage due to the multiple organ systems that can be impacted in these systemic disorders. Thankfully, pulmonologists do not have to work alone. These diseases often have stereotypical patterns of extra-pulmonary features which aid in their recognition. In collaboration with a multidisciplinary team of subspecialists, the pulmonary and other systemic manifestations can be managed effectively together. The goal of this review is to familiarize the reader with the distinct patterns of ILD and associated systemic/immunologic features that are characteristic of monogenic inborn errors of immunity and systemic autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases. In addition, this review will highlight current, emergent and innovative therapeutic strategies and will underscore the important role of multidisciplinary management to improving outcomes for these patients.
16 Oct 2023Submitted to Pediatric Pulmonology
18 Oct 2023Assigned to Editor
18 Oct 2023Submission Checks Completed
18 Oct 2023Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
30 Oct 2023Reviewer(s) Assigned