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Assessment of START and STOPP in Geriatric patients of Tertiary care Hospital: A prospective observational study
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  • Sanatkumar Nyamagoud,
  • Agadi Hiremath Swamy,
  • Akshata Purantar,
  • Bibi Jangliwale,
  • Kaushal Kumar,
  • Rakshitha P
Sanatkumar Nyamagoud
KLE Society's College of Pharmacy Hubli

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Agadi Hiremath Swamy
KLE Society's College of Pharmacy Hubli
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Akshata Purantar
KLE Society's College of Pharmacy Hubli
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Bibi Jangliwale
KLE Society's College of Pharmacy Hubli
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Kaushal Kumar
KLE Society's College of Pharmacy Hubli
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Rakshitha P
KLE Society's College of Pharmacy Hubli
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Abstract

Background: Geriatric population are at high probability of receiving inappropriate medications as a result of lack of education, polypharmacy, and multiple comorbidities. The study aimed to assess the potentially inappropriate medications in the geriatric patients visiting a tertiary care teaching hospital. Methods: The study was a prospective observational study which was carried out for a duration of 6 months involving inpatients of Vivekananda general hospital. START and STOPP criteria were used to assess the potentially inappropriate medications. Excel database was used to assess and store the data collected throughout the duration of study. Results: In this Study, 210 geriatric subject’s prescriptions were analysed, among which 161 were males and 49 were females. The mean age of study participants was 69.5 (±5.0) years. The study population was analysed for potentially inappropriate medications using START and STOPP criteria, among which 112 prescriptions had 173 START and STOPP errors. A total of 132 potentially prescribing omission errors were observed in 103 prescriptions involving 13 START criteria. Similarly, 41 potentially inappropriate medication errors were observed in 38 prescriptions involving 9 STOPP criteria. Conclusions: Our study highlights the importance of pharmaceutical care among the geriatric patients. The study suggests that patients, doctors and other health care providers should have fundamental aspects and knowledge of START and STOPP criteria for elderly population to avoid inappropriate prescribing in elderly.