Statistics, Ethics, and the Promotion of Reproducible Research
AbstractRigorous statistical methodology represents a vital framework for upholding research integrity and maximizing benefits in medical science. However, the misuse of statistical tools contradicts ethical tenets and compromises validity. Problematic trends like p-hacking, hyping delicate results, and overemphasizing statistical significance relative to clinical meaning introduce prejudice and impede reproducibility. Case studies, including hormone replacement therapy trials, exhibit how unsound statistics propagate doubtful conclusions and potential injury. Resolving the "reproducibility crisis" necessitates proper statistical techniques such as sufficient power, preregistration, transparent data, and Bayesian approaches. Statistics and ethics are profoundly intertwined in accountable medical inquiry. By prioritizing statistical meticulousness, investigators can satisfy their ethical duty to generate reproducible discoveries that aid patients and society. Proper statistical application is indispensable for advancing medically and socially impactful research.