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Forest cover and environmental type shape functional diversity of insectivorous birds within the Brazilian Atlantic Forest
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  • Enzo Coletti-Manzoli,
  • Lucas Gaspar,
  • Marcos Antônio Melo,
  • Bruno Adorno,
  • MIlton Ribeiro,
  • Augusto João Piratelli
Enzo Coletti-Manzoli
Universidade Federal de São Carlos

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Lucas Gaspar
UNESP Campus de Rio Claro
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Marcos Antônio Melo
Zoo Municipal de Guarulhos
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Bruno Adorno
Federal University of Alfenas
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MIlton Ribeiro
UNESP Campus de Rio Claro
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Augusto João Piratelli
Universidade Federal de São Carlos - Campus Sorocaba
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Arthropod-eating birds comprise a diverse group with varying degrees of sensitivity to environmental changes and distinct responses to habitat degradation. In our study, we investigated the impact of landscape and habitat characteristics on the functional diversity of insectivorous birds in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Our hypotheses are focused on (I) how species composition and functional diversity respond to habitat turnover and nestedness and (II) whether an increase in native forest cover positively influences bird species richness and functional diversity. Our research encompasses 22 different landscapes within the Cantareira-Mantiqueira region, southeastern Brazil, including native forests, pastures, and marshes, within 1 km radius buffers. To assess functional diversity, we employed beta pair and beta multi-function indices for each environment type. Generalized mixed linear models were calculated to examine the effects of the native forest cover gradient and environment type on functional diversity. Our findings indicated negative effects of increased native forest cover on functional diversity indices. Bird communities were susceptibility to turnover in pasturelands, to nestedness in marshes, and both species nestedness and turnover in native forests. These results may be partially due to the predominantly second-growth, small-sized, and early successional stages of the native forest fragments in the region. These findings underscore the intricate interplay between landscape characteristics, habitat types, and bird functional diversity within the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. They also highlight the significance of considering habitat quality and succession stages in conservation efforts in this region.