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Prevalence, Risk and Protective Factors of Substance Use among Adolescents Living in Peri-Urban Communities in Abuja, Nigeria
  • Hassana Ojonuba Shuaibu,
  • Haliza Abdul Rahman,
  • Nor Afiah Mohd Zulkefli
Hassana Ojonuba Shuaibu
Universiti Putra Malaysia Institut Pengajian Sains Sosial
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Haliza Abdul Rahman
Universiti Putra Malaysia Institut Pengajian Sains Sosial

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Nor Afiah Mohd Zulkefli
Universiti Putra Malaysia Fakulti Perubatan dan Sains Kesihatan
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Abstract

Introduction. Adolescents living in peri-urban communities are more vulnerable to risky behaviours such as substance use. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence, risk and protective factors of adolescent substance use in peri-urban communities in Abuja. Methods. Date on lifetime and current substance use was collected using the Youth Risk Behaviour Survey Instrument. Data on risk and protective factors of adolescent substance use, based on the Problem Behaviour Theory, was also collected. Using the SPSS software, bivariate analysis was conducted using chi-square and independent t-tests, and multivariate analysis was conducted using logistic regression. A p-value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results. The prevalence of lifetime substance use was 22.8% and current substance use was 18.5%. “Mixed drinks” was the most currently consumed substance at 8.1%, followed by alcohol (5.7%), and shisha (4.7%). Multivariate analysis showed that self-esteem (p=0.007), delinquency (p<0.001) and parent alcohol use (p=0.045) were independently associated with adolescent substance use. Discussion. There is a high prevalence of substance use among adolescents living in peri-urban communities in Abuja, Nigeria, and a new pattern of substance use consumption. Some risk factors identified by the problem behaviour theory were independently associated with adolescent substance use.