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Scaled Experiment and Observation of the Lightning Discharge Process of Rotary Wind Turbines under Different Electrodes
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  • Yeqiang Deng,
  • qianhui yang,
  • Chaoying Fang,
  • Yu Wang,
  • Xiaoyue Chen,
  • Xishan Wen,
  • Lei Lan,
  • Qiang Wu,
  • Jun Xu,
  • Shaokang Chen
Yeqiang Deng
Wuhan University
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qianhui yang
Wuhan University
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Chaoying Fang
State Grid Fujian Electric Power Research Institute
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Yu Wang
Wuhan University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Xiaoyue Chen
Wuhan University
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Xishan Wen
Wuhan University
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Lei Lan
School of Electrical Engineering, Wuhan University
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Qiang Wu
Wuhan University
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Jun Xu
State Grid Fujian Electric Power Research Institute
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Shaokang Chen
State Grid Fujian Electric Power Research Institute
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Abstract

In this study, a discharge test for scaled wind turbine is performed to examine the lightning discharge characteristics of rotary wind turbines, and an observation platform is designed. Moreover, the wind turbines are subjected to discharge simulation with rod and arc electrodes, and high-speed and single-lens reflex cameras are used to observe the physical discharge process. Under the rod electrode, the downward leader is initiated first, and its length occupies a larger proportion of the discharge gap. The discharge contains multiple stepped leaders. When the gap distance is less than 4 m, the probability of occurrence of negative stepped leaders may be smaller. As the gap distance increases, the number of stepped leaders increases significantly. Under the arc electrode, the upward leader is initiated first, and its length accounts for a larger proportion of the discharge gap. With the rotation of the wind turbine, the upward leader is initiated earlier and develops more fully. Furthermore, the speed of its development does not differ significantly. The discharge simulation process under the arc electrode is similar to natural lightning strikes on wind turbines.