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Recent progress in biomimetic nanomedicines based on versatile targeting strategy for atherosclerosis therapy
  • +3
  • Yiping Deng,
  • Zuojin Ao,
  • Jun Tang,
  • Ji Tian,
  • Xiangyu Zhou,
  • Chunhong Li
Yiping Deng
Southwest Medical University
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Zuojin Ao
Southwest Medical University
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Jun Tang
Southwest Medical University
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Ji Tian
Southwest Medical University
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Xiangyu Zhou
The Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University
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Chunhong Li
Southwest Medical University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Abstract

Atherosclerosis (AS) is considered to be one of the major causes of cardiovascular disease. Its pathological microenvironment is characterized by increased production of reactive oxygen species, lipid oxides, and excessive inflammatory factors, which accumulate at the monolayer endothelial cells in the vascular wall to form AS plaques. Therefore, intervention in the pathological microenvironment would be beneficial in delaying AS. Researchers have designed biomimetic nanomedicine (nanomedicine) with excellent biocompatibility and the ability to avoid being cleared by the immune system through different therapeutic strategies to achieve better therapeutic effects for the characteristics of AS. Biomimetic nanomedicine can further enhance delivery efficiency and improve treatment efficacy due to their good biocompatibility and ability to evade clearance by the immune system. Biomimetic nanomedicine based on therapeutic strategies such as neutralizing inflammatory factors, ROS scavengers, lipid clearance and integration of diagnosis and treatment are versatile approaches for effective treatment of AS. The review firstly summarizes the targeting therapeutic strategy of biomimetic nanomedicine for AS in recent 5 years. Biomimetic nanomedicine using cell membranes, proteins, and extracellular vesicles as carriers have been developed for AS.