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Football players do show “neural efficiency” in the prefrontal cortex during football training using a wireless Bluetooth system
  • Murad Sultanov,
  • Khadidja İsmailova
Murad Sultanov
Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Khadidja İsmailova
Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences
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Abstract

One of the aspects of the “neural efficiency” hypothesis is decreased cortical activity in experts during professional actions compared to their rest condition as a sort of event-related synchronization (ERS). Previous research revealed that “Football Players Do Not Show “Neural Efficiency” in Cortical Activity Related to Visuospatial Information Processing During Football Scenes: An EEG Mapping Study” (Del Percio et al., 2019) and demonstrated that footballers do not show “neural efficiency” in parietal cortical activity. In our study, we checked this hypothesis and registration of brain activity during football training and compared this result at rest. This is the first study occupied during live football training. The participants were professional football players. The EEG was recorded in the prefrontal cortex using the NeuroSky device. The brain oscillations were checked in the eyes-closed at rest and during football training on the pitch in the eyes-open condition. A study result is statistically significant between at rest and during movement and obtained as the summary value of bands (1-50 Hz). The results of the paired-t test indicated that there is a difference between “Before” and “After” conditions (t = -2.13; p<.05). Thus, compared to the rest condition, this data showed a reduced power spectrum of EEG bands in the prefrontal cortex among all rhythms during football training and confirmed the “neural efficiency” hypothesis (selective cortical activation) among football players. We suggest that the brain of professional football players has different activation by separate brain parts.