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The Role of Mindfulness in Acceptance and Commitment Therapy: Cultivating Present-Moment Awareness
  • AJ Webb
AJ Webb
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Abstract

This journal article examines the pivotal role of mindfulness in Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and its capacity to cultivate present-moment awareness. ACT, a contemporary therapeutic approach, emphasizes psychological flexibility and the acceptance of internal experiences. Within this framework, mindfulness holds a prominent position as a core process that enhances present-moment attention and engagement with one’s thoughts, emotions, and sensations. This article delves into the historical roots of mindfulness in ACT, explores the dimensions and facets of mindfulness, and highlights its intersection with psychological flexibility. Moreover, it elucidates how mindfulness practices, such as breath-focused meditation and body scan, contribute to reducing cognitive fusion, fostering acceptance, and clarifying personal values. The empirical evidence supporting mindfulness-based interventions in ACT is reviewed, shedding light on its effectiveness in treating various psychological and behavioral issues. Challenges in incorporating mindfulness into therapy are also discussed, alongside considerations to optimize its application. Overall, this article underscores the significance of mindfulness as a transformative tool within ACT, supporting individuals in embracing the present moment and cultivating psychological well-being.