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Biotreatment of swine wastewater by mixotrophic Galdieria sulphuraria
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  • Yali Pan,
  • Zhiwen Ma,
  • Jie Shen,
  • Jia Liang,
  • Yupeng Yuan,
  • Xiao Lian,
  • Yingqiang Sun
Yali Pan
Anhui University College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
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Zhiwen Ma
Anhui University College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
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Jie Shen
Anhui University College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
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Jia Liang
Anhui University College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
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Yupeng Yuan
Anhui University College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
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Xiao Lian
Anhui University College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
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Yingqiang Sun
Anhui University College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Abstract

Biotreatment of swine wastewater via microalgae is an environmentally sustainable strategy capable to transform nitrogen, phosphorous, and organic/inorganic carbons into value added products, while microalgal species with efficient COD and ammonium removal efficiency is lacking, limiting its practical application. Thermophilic and acidophilic Galdieria sulphuraria ( G. sulphuraria) are reported to have high ammonium removal efficiency, while its application in swine wastewater treatment is rarely reported. Accordingly, mixotrophic G. sulphuraria has been tested for biotreatment of swine wastewater. The results indicate that G. sulphuraria can grow well in swine wastewater with maximum growth rate of 0.72 g/(L.d) when 15 g/L of glucose is added. Maximum COD removal efficiency of 94.8% and ammonium removal rate of 550.5 mg/(L.d) are observed with 15 g/L of glucose added. Addition of glucose leads to decreases of lipid, protein and ash contents, and simultaneous increase of carbohydrates owing to the varied C/N ratios. The biomass has relatively lower carbon content of 48.5% with 20 g/L glucose than 49.3% of control, consequently leads to a relatively lower HHV value of 20.64 MJ.kg -1. Above all, mixotrophic G. sulphuraria are promising strategy for swine wastewater treatment with high energy recovery, potentially providing an economical strategy for swine wastewater treatment.