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Solar Photovoltaic Materials Development and Analysis
  • Sayan Kumar Nag,
  • Tarun Kumar Gangopadhyay
Sayan Kumar Nag
Techno Main Salt Lake

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Tarun Kumar Gangopadhyay
Techno Main Salt Lake
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Abstract

A potential solution to the world’s energy crisis has been demonstrated in the use of sunlight to generate electricity. Solar cells, which convert solar energy into electrical energy, must be reliable and cost effective in order to compete with traditional sources. The purpose of this paper is to describe the different generations of photovoltaic cells and the current and upcoming technologies that will be utilised in the photovoltaic systems. The introduction describes the fundamentals of photovoltaic (PV) cells, including their working principle and their main properties. After that the paper discusses all generations of PV cells, mainly in terms of the efficiency at which they can convert sunlight to electricity as well as the materials used. A comparison of the latest efficiencies of the PV cells is provided. With the advancement of photovoltaic technology, the possibilities of increasing efficiencies, production and innovations are also discussed. The limitations as well as possible solutions and future hopes are outlined in the conclusion.