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Vagino-laparoscopic conservative strategy of hysterectomy in indicated cases of severe pelvic endometriosis followed by 24 months of depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate therapy—a long-term symptom-solving treatment model: an observational study
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  • Ram Purohit,
  • Jaygopal Sharma,
  • Devajani Meher,
  • Mohammed Samy
Ram Purohit
All India Congress of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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Jaygopal Sharma
All India Congress of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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Devajani Meher
All India Congress of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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Mohammed Samy
Cairo University Obstetrics and Gynecology Department
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Abstract

Objective: To demonstrate the long-term outcome of a symptom-solving treatment model (SSTM). Design: Observational study between June 2016 and December 2022. Setting: Purohit General Hospital Population: 68 consecutive candidates of hysterectomy for severe pelvic endometriosis. Methods: Candidates were treated by the SSTM, which constitutes a systematic vagino-laparoscopic conservative strategy of hysterectomy with preservation of the ovary or ovaries followed by 24 months of postoperative depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) therapy. Cases were followed up to December 2022, 2.5 years beyond the last hysterectomy in May 2020. Main outcome measures: Relief of endometriosis-associated symptoms and prevention of recurrence in the long term. Results: Symptomatic relief of endometriosis-related pain, such as cyclical dysmenorrhoea, pelvic pain, dyschezia, and vaginal pain, occurred in all 68 (100%) cases from the next expected date of menstruation. None of the cases showed a recurrence of endometriosis-related pelvic pain; overall, 37 (54.41%) cases crossed 4–6 years, and 31 (45.58%) cases crossed 2.5–4.0 years following the hysterectomy operation. Four (5.88%) cases had non-endometriotic pelvic pain. None of the cases required repeat surgery or had any major side effects or complications due to DMPA. No major perioperative complications were observed. The results were achieved without the requirement of challenging extensive retroperitoneal laparoscopic dissection, ureterolysis, and rectum surgeries. Conclusions: This SSTM can be an option in indicated cases of severe pelvic endometriosis to provide symptom relief and prevent the recurrence of endometriosis-associated pelvic pain in the long term.