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A New Mechanistic Model for Individual Growth Applied to Insects under Ad Libitum Conditions
  • Karl Mauritsson,
  • Tomas Jonsson
Karl Mauritsson
University of Skövde

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Tomas Jonsson
University of Skövde
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Abstract

Metabolic theories in ecology interpret ecological patterns at different levels through the lens of metabolism, typically applying allometric power scaling laws to describe rates of energy use. This requires a sound theory for metabolism at the individual level. Commonly used mechanistic growth models, such as von Bertalanffy, DEB and the ontogenetic growth model lack a number of potentially important aspects and fail to accurately capture a growth pattern often observed in insects. Recently, a new model (MGM – the Maintenance-Growth Model) was developed for ontogenetic and post-mature growth, based on an energy balance that expresses growth as the net result of assimilation and metabolic costs for maintenance and feeding. The most important contributions of MGM are: 1) the division of maintenance costs into a non-negotiable and a negotiable part, potentially resulting in non-linear allometric scaling of maintenance and lowered maintenance under food restriction; 2) differentiated energy allocation strategies between sexes and 3) inclusion of costs for finding and processing food. MGM may also account for effects of body composition and type of growth at the cellular level. The model was here calibrated and evaluated using empirical data from an experiment on house crickets growing under ad libitum conditions. The procedure involved parameter estimations from the literature and collected data, using statistical models to account for individual variation in parameter values. It was found that ingestion rates cannot be generally described by simple allometries, here requiring more complex descriptions after maturation. By the unusual assumption of super-linear scaling of maintenance with body mass, MGM could well capture the differentiated growth patterns of male and female crickets. Other mechanistic growth models have also been able to provide good predictions of insect growth during early ontogeny, but MGM seems to be unique in its ability to accurately describe the trajectory until terminated growth.
15 Jun 2023Submitted to Ecology and Evolution
16 Jun 2023Submission Checks Completed
16 Jun 2023Assigned to Editor
29 Jun 2023Reviewer(s) Assigned
12 Aug 2023Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
29 Sep 2023Editorial Decision: Revise Minor
27 Oct 20231st Revision Received
13 Nov 2023Assigned to Editor
13 Nov 2023Submission Checks Completed
13 Nov 2023Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending