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The role of large language models in ecology and biodiversity conservation: Opportunities and Challenges
  • Hideyuki Doi,
  • Takeshi Osawa,
  • Narumasa Tsutsumida
Hideyuki Doi
University of Hyogo

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Takeshi Osawa
National Institute for Agro-environmental Science
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Narumasa Tsutsumida
Saitama University
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Large Language Models (LLMs) have revolutionized the field of natural language processing. These models can analyze vast amounts of data, extract meaningful insights, and provide a basis for informed conservation decisions. This paper identifies the main applications of LLMs for ecology and biodiversity conservation: generation of ecological data, prediction using coding by LLMs, providing insights into public opinion and sentiment, and the potential application of Ecology-specialized LLMs.We discuss the potential challenges and limitations associated with the use of LLMs, such as biases in LLM-generated code and data, and the need for careful evaluation and interpretation of LLM-generated results.