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Comparison efficiency of Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry Coupled to Liquid Chromatography Method and the Conventional Methods to Identify Honey Adulteration, Iran
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  • Nafiseh Khansari,
  • Abbas Alimoradian,
  • Mehdi Abdollahi,
  • Behnoosh Ansari Asl,
  • Sonia Asadi,
  • Akbar yousefi maghool,
  • Arash Rabiei,
  • Ali Khademi
Nafiseh Khansari
Arak University of Medical Sciences

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Abbas Alimoradian
Arak University of Medical Sciences
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Mehdi Abdollahi
Arak University of Medical Sciences
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Behnoosh Ansari Asl
Arak University of Medical Sciences
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Sonia Asadi
Arak University of Medical Sciences
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Akbar yousefi maghool
Islamic Azad University Arak Branch
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Arash Rabiei
Bu Ali Sina University Faculty of Chemistry
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Ali Khademi
University of Tehran Department of Chemistry
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Abstract

Rationale Over the years, many techniques have been developed for honey adulteration detection. The several methods based on the AOAC have been admitted to the in-house method confirmed by Iranian Standard Organization (ISIRI). Besides the unprecedented fraud in honey, the scientific requirements to apply high-tech procedures. Therefore, unraveling these discrepancies requires comparisons between the elderly and novel methods. Methods The conventional methods determined different parameters such as reducing sugars before hydrolysis, sucrose amount, fructose to glucose ratio, Proline, and hydroxy methyl furfural. Applying novel IRMS technique determined δ13C values for glucose with high quality and quantity. The honey carbohydrates, such as glucose, fructose, disaccharide, and trisaccharide, were assessed using LC/IRMS. Results Based on these findings regarding the conventional and IRMS methods for testing samples. According to our results, the conventional method successfully passed 18 to 20 samples by ISIRI standards. However, the IRMS method showed different results, with only 2 out of 20 samples being original and pure without adulteration. Conclusion We collected twenty samples from various regions and examined them using two methods to determine their authenticity. The first method used is the C13 isotope and isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS), while the second method is based on conventional methods using ISIRI. After analyzing the results with Prism software, we found a statistically significant difference between the confidence level of the IRMS method and conventional methods, with a p-value less than 0.05.