loading page

Neural network-based diffuse fluorescence tomography reconstruction algorithms to improve image quality
  • +6
  • Yingxue Pan,
  • limin zhang,
  • * Zhuanxia,
  • Wenjing Sun,
  • Lingxiu Xing,
  • Yanqi Zhang,
  • Mengyu Jia,
  • Dongyuan Liu,
  • Feng Gao
Yingxue Pan
Tianjin University School of Precision Instruments and Optoelectronics Engineering
Author Profile
limin zhang
Tianjin University School of Precision Instruments and Optoelectronics Engineering

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile
* Zhuanxia
Tianjin University School of Precision Instruments and Optoelectronics Engineering
Author Profile
Wenjing Sun
Tianjin University School of Precision Instruments and Optoelectronics Engineering
Author Profile
Lingxiu Xing
Tianjin University School of Precision Instruments and Optoelectronics Engineering
Author Profile
Yanqi Zhang
Tianjin Medical University
Author Profile
Mengyu Jia
Tianjin University School of Precision Instruments and Optoelectronics Engineering
Author Profile
Dongyuan Liu
Tianjin University School of Precision Instruments and Optoelectronics Engineering
Author Profile
Feng Gao
Tianjin University School of Precision Instruments and Optoelectronics Engineering
Author Profile

Abstract

Diffuse fluorescence tomography (DFT) is a promising noninvasive imaging modality. To date, traditional physics-based approaches cannot substantially improve the imaging quality due to inherent light scattering property and severe ill-poseness of inverse problem. Therefore, three neural networks, namely, back-propagation neural network (BPNN), convolutional neural network (CNN) and U-net trained in an end-to-end fashion are explored to improve imaging quality. To evaluate their performance, a series of simulation, phantom and in vivo experiments are conducted for single and double-target reconstructions, and the results are compared with the traditional algebraic reconstruction technique (ART). The numerical results demonstrate that the neural network-based algorithms significantly enhance the image quality in terms of target shape, size, location, as well as noise robustness. The subsequent phantom and in vivo experimental results verify the effectiveness of the well-trained networks to estimate experimental data. Comparatively, BPNN is competitive in computational efficiency and generalization capacity.