loading page

The Quiet Brain: A Meta-Analytical Review of the Relationship Between T7-Fz Coherence and Sports Performance
  • Dhruv Raman,
  • Edson Filho
Dhruv Raman
Boston University Wheelock College of Education and Human Development

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile
Edson Filho
Boston University
Author Profile


We examined whether the alpha band-coherence between the T7-Fz (verbal analytical-motor planning) brain areas were related to superior performance in sports. We searched for related papers across eight databases: ProQuest Central, ProQuest Psychology Journals, PsycARTICLES, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science using relevant keywords (i.e., EEG AND sports AND coherence). Seven studies, with a total of 194 participants, met our inclusion criteria and were shortlisted for statistical analysis. We compared EEG coherence data for both within-subject and between-subject experimental designs. Results indicated that athletes had lower coherence in T7-Fz brain pathway for alpha band activation (Hedges’ g = -.54; p = .03) when performing better. Theoretically, these results corroborate the notion that athletes become more “neurally efficient” as the verbal and motor areas of their brains function more independently, i.e., the neural efficiency hypothesis. Accordingly, athletes who can limit verbal interference are more likely to perform a sporting task successfully.