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Post-pollination barriers contribute to coexistence of partially pollinator-sharing Arisaema species (Araceae)
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  • Luo Zeng,
  • Wei-Jie Shu,
  • Hua He,
  • Tao Li,
  • Xiao-Chen Yang,
  • Li Li
Luo Zeng
Jishou University
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Wei-Jie Shu
Jishou University
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Hua He
Jishou University
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Tao Li
Jishou University
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Xiao-Chen Yang
Jishou University
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Li Li
Jishou University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Reproductive isolation plays an important role in maintaining the species integrity of sympatric close relatives. For sympatric Arisaema species, interspecific gene flow is expected to be effectively prevented by pre-pollination barriers, particularly strong pollinator isolation mediated by fungus gnats. However, due to the lack of quantitative studies combining multiple pre- and post-pollination barriers, it is not known whether pre-pollination isolation is complete, and whether post-pollination barriers also contribute to reproductive isolation among some Arisaema species. We studied five pre- and post-pollination barriers (geographic isolation, phenological isolation, pollinator isolation, hybrid fruit production, and hybrid seed formation) among three sympatric Arisaema species (A. bockii, A. lobatum, and A. erubescens). The strength of individual barriers and their contribution to total isolation were quantified.The habitat elevations of the three Arisaema species mostly overlapped. Although phenological isolation and pollinator isolation reduced the frequencies of interspecific pollen transfer among these species, the partial overlap of flowering times and pollinator assemblages resulted in pre-pollination isolation that does not adequately prevent interspecific hybridization. Post-pollination barriers also contributed to reproductive isolation at the hybrid fruit and seed formation stages.We propose that, although pre-pollination barriers are expected to contribute more to total isolation than post-pollination barriers in Arisaema, pre-pollination barriers may not completely prevent interspecific pollen transfer among some Arisaema species. Post-pollination barriers, which are generally ignored, may also have contributed significantly to reproductive isolation in Arisaema.
17 Mar 2023Submitted to Ecology and Evolution
20 Mar 2023Submission Checks Completed
20 Mar 2023Assigned to Editor
21 Mar 2023Reviewer(s) Assigned
06 Jul 2023Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
07 Jul 2023Editorial Decision: Revise Minor
04 Sep 20231st Revision Received
13 Sep 2023Assigned to Editor
13 Sep 2023Submission Checks Completed
13 Sep 2023Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
13 Sep 2023Reviewer(s) Assigned
15 Sep 2023Editorial Decision: Revise Minor
14 Oct 20232nd Revision Received
16 Oct 2023Assigned to Editor
16 Oct 2023Submission Checks Completed
16 Oct 2023Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
19 Oct 2023Editorial Decision: Accept