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Polyoxometalates-Modulated Hydrophilic-Hydrophobic Composite Interfacial Material for Efficient Solar Water Evaporation and Salt Harvesting in High Salinity Brine
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  • Sihang Cheng,
  • Cuimei Liu,
  • Yingqi Li,
  • Huaqiao Tan,
  • Yonghui Wang,
  • Yangguang Li
Sihang Cheng
Northeast Normal University
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Cuimei Liu
Northeast Normal University
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Yingqi Li
Northeast Normal University
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Huaqiao Tan
Northeast Normal University
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Yonghui Wang
Northeast Normal University
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Yangguang Li
Northeast Normal University

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Solar vapour generation (SVG) represents a promising technique for seawater desalination to alleviate the global water crisis and energy shortage. One of its main bottleneck problems is that the evaporation efficiency and stability are limited by salt crystallization under high-salinity brines. Herein, we demonstrate that the 3D porous melamine-foam (MF) wrapped by a type of self-assembling composite materials based on reduced polyoxometalates (i.e. heteropoly blue, HPB), oleic acid (OA) and polypyrrole (PPy) (labeled with MF@HPB-PPyn-OA) can serve as efficient and stable SVG material at high-salinity. Structural characterizations of MF@HPB-PPyn-OA indicate that both hydrophilic region of HPBs and hydrophobic region of OA co-exist on the surface of composite materials, optimizing the hydrophilic and hydrophobic interfaces of the SVG materials, and fully exerting its functionality for ultrahigh water-evaporation and anti-salt fouling. The optimal MF@HPB-PPy10-OA operates continuously and stably for over 100 h in 10 wt% brine. Furthermore, MF@HPB-PPy10-OA accomplishes complete salt-water separation of 10 wt% brine with 3.3 kg m-2 h-1 under 1-sun irradiation, yielding salt harvesting efficiency of 96.5%, which belongs to the record-high of high-salinity systems reported so far and reaches zero liquid discharge. Moreover, the low-cost of MF@HPB-PPy10-OA (2.56 $/m2) suggests its potential application in the practical SVG technique.
07 Feb 2023Submitted to Energy & Environmental Materials
08 Feb 2023Submission Checks Completed
08 Feb 2023Assigned to Editor
09 Feb 2023Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
15 Feb 2023Reviewer(s) Assigned
20 Mar 2023Editorial Decision: Revise Major
21 Apr 20231st Revision Received
23 Apr 2023Submission Checks Completed
23 Apr 2023Assigned to Editor
23 Apr 2023Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
26 Apr 2023Editorial Decision: Accept