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Type of article : Original Title of the article : Factors Affecting the Quality of Life of Children With
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  • Yudianita Kesuma,
  • Esti F. Sihotang,
  • Rismarini Soejadhi,
  • Dian Puspita Sari,
  • Deny Salverra Yosy
Yudianita Kesuma
Universitas Sriwijaya Fakultas Kedokteran

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Esti F. Sihotang
Universitas Sriwijaya Fakultas Kedokteran
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Rismarini Soejadhi
Universitas Sriwijaya Fakultas Kedokteran
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Dian Puspita Sari
Universitas Sriwijaya Fakultas Kedokteran
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Deny Salverra Yosy
Universitas Sriwijaya Fakultas Kedokteran
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Abstract

Background: Leukemia is a malignancy of white blood cells in which acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) are most common in children. With The 5-year survival rate has increased 87% in 2005, the treatment of ALL also aims to improve quality of life. 1,2,3 There was no research in Palembang about factors affecting the quality of life in children with ALL before. Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that influence the quality of life of ALL children. Methods: A cross-sectional design observational analytic study was used to analyze the relationship between the quality of life of one-hundred twelve patients who participated in Hemato-oncology division and the Growth and Development-Social Pediatric (GaDSOP) division of RSUP dr. Mohammad Hoesin Palembang from September 2021–August 2022 with PedsQL TM. Results: The proportion of poor quality of life based on parental reports was 32.2% and 20.8% based on children’s reports. Despite only 24.1% that lived in the urban and female proportion only 34.8%, from multivariate analysis, according to the reports from parents and children, female living in the urban with malnutrition and sleep disorders was 93.21% and 99.28% more at risk of experiencing poor life quality respectively. Conclusion: Factors that influence poor life quality in this research according to parents were gender, place of residence, malnutrition, and sleep disturbances whereas according to children were gender, sleep disturbances, movement, and activity disorders.