RISK Factors Identification of COVID-19 Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Retrospective Study in Punjab-Pakistan
Objectives: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
affects a large part of the population around the world between the ages
forty-one to seventy-one years. However, by combining the effects of the
COVID-19 pandemic and the SARS-Cov-2 virus on COPD patients, we may be
able to overcome factors that have a significant impact on our success.
Moreover, we have to investigate the relationship between the diagnosis
and its influencing factors to possibly overcome the emerging causes of
this disease. Methods: A retrospective study of 280 patients
was conducted at DHQ Hospital Muzaffargarh in Punjab, Pakistan. Negative
binomial regression describes the risk of fixed successive variables.
Cox proportional hazard model, and the model co-efficient is observed
using log-likelihood. Kaplan-Meier curves showed how long COPD patients
survived or died. Results: The increased risk of death in COPD
patients was due to the effects of variables such as cough, lower
respiratory tract infection, tuberculosis, and body aches being 1.369,
0.693, 0.170, and 0.217 times higher, while it decreased by 0.396 in
normal conditions. Conclusion: We found that the symptoms of
COPD (cough, lower respiratory tract infection, tuberculosis, and body
aches) are statistically significant in patients who were most infected
by COVID-19 and SARS-Cov-2.