loading page

COVID-19 Vaccine Wastage in Africa: A case of Nigeria COVID-19 Vaccine Wastage in Africa
  • +5
  • Muhammad Kabir Musa,
  • Abdullateef Abdulsalam,
  • Usman Abubakar Haruna,
  • Farida Zakariya,
  • Sanusi Muhammad Salisu,
  • Bisola Onajin-Obembe,
  • Suleman Hadejia Idris,
  • Don Eliseo Lucero-Prisno III
Muhammad Kabir Musa
Nazarbayev University School of Medicine

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile
Abdullateef Abdulsalam
Nazarbayev University School of Medicine
Author Profile
Usman Abubakar Haruna
Nazarbayev University School of Medicine
Author Profile
Farida Zakariya
Global Health Focus
Author Profile
Sanusi Muhammad Salisu
Global Health Focus
Author Profile
Bisola Onajin-Obembe
University of Port Harcourt College of Health Sciences
Author Profile
Suleman Hadejia Idris
Ahmadu Bello University Faculty of Medicine
Author Profile
Don Eliseo Lucero-Prisno III
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Department of Global Health and Development
Author Profile


The World Health Organization (WHO) has launched campaigns to boost immunization rates to 70 percent globally by the middle of 2022. However, despite the global success of about 64% COVID-19 vaccination coverage, there is a big gap in Nigeria. To date, only 13.8% of the population has received the recommended dose. This demonstrates a significant disparity between the vaccinated and the unvaccinated. Amidst the wide gap in vaccination, COVID-19 vaccine wastage still occurs in Nigeria. At the end of 2021, it was estimated that over a million doses of the COVID-19 vaccine had been wasted. It is anticipated that there will be more COVID-19 vaccine wastage in Nigeria, because of the combined factors that threaten vaccination uptake including vaccine hesitancy, lack of appropriate storage facilities, poor electricity supply, insecurity challenges, and inadequate health promotion. This results in concomitant financial and opportunity losses. In this paper, we discuss COVID-19 vaccine wastage in Nigeria including causes, and solutions that can be applied to mitigate this wastage.
19 Dec 2022Submitted to International Journal of Health Planning and Management
22 Dec 2022Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
22 Dec 2022Assigned to Editor
22 Dec 2022Submission Checks Completed
06 Jan 2023Reviewer(s) Assigned
09 Oct 2023Editorial Decision: Revise Minor