Association of the renin-angiotensin system components in human
follicular fluid with age, ovarian function and IVF outcome
Objective: To investigate the association between the local
renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in human follicular fluid (hFF) and age,
ovarian function, in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcome. Design:
Study on the correlation of non-intervention. Setting:
Reproductive Medicine Center, First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow
University. Sample: hFF of 139 women who received IVF simply
because of their husband’s factors from January 2021 to February 2022.
Methods: The correlation between age and RAS in hFF was
analyzed by simple linear regression, and multivariate linear regression
was used to further analyze the correlation between the RAS and IVF
outcome. Main Outcome Measures: The levels of RAS components in hFF were
measured, including Renin, ACE, ACE2, AngⅡ and Ang(1-7).
Results: ①The influence of age on ACE-AngⅡ-AT1/2R axis was more
significant than that on ACE2-Ang(1-7)-MAS axis in hFF; ②Provides
evidence that gonadotropins mediate RAS activation of local ovarian
follicles; ③It is still impossible to prove the effect of RAS on steroid
hormone production, at least in ovarian follicles RAS cannot affect
steroid hormones in the systemic circulation; ④Age and the level of RAS
components in hFF have certain clinical value in predicting the number
of oocyte retrieval and the rate of MⅡ maturation. Conclusions:
The local RAS in ovarian follicles is affected by age and correlated
with ovarian function and IVF outcome.