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Molecular Determinants for the Layering and Coarsening of Biological Condensates
  • Andrew Latham,
  • Bin Zhang
Andrew Latham

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Bin Zhang
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Many membraneless organelles, or biological condensates, that play key roles in signal sensing and transcriptional regulation form through phase separation. While the functional importance of these condensates has inspired many studies to characterize their stability and spatial organization, the underlying principles that dictate these emergent properties are still being uncovered. In this review, we examine recent work on biological condensates, especially multicomponent systems. We focus on connecting molecular factors such as binding energy, valency, and stoichiometry with the interfacial tension, explaining the nontrivial interior organization in many condensates. We further discuss mechanisms that arrest condensate coalescence by lowering the surface tension or introducing kinetic barriers to stabilize the multidroplet state.
07 Nov 2022Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
08 Nov 2022Editorial Decision: Revise Minor
18 Nov 20221st Revision Received
18 Nov 2022Submission Checks Completed
18 Nov 2022Assigned to Editor
18 Nov 2022Reviewer(s) Assigned
20 Nov 2022Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
21 Nov 2022Editorial Decision: Accept