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'TaxTrack': Introducing a Democratic Innovation for Taxation
  • +6
  • Jean-Paul Gagnon,
  • Paul Emiljanowicz,
  • Lucy J Parry,
  • Bomikazi Zeka,
  • Nick Vlahos,
  • Angela Tan-Kantor,
  • Alex Prior,
  • Adrian Bua,
  • John Hawkins
Jean-Paul Gagnon

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Paul Emiljanowicz
Lucy J Parry
Bomikazi Zeka
Nick Vlahos
Angela Tan-Kantor
Alex Prior
Adrian Bua
John Hawkins


In this article we introduce an input-oriented democratic innovation-that we term 'TaxTrack'-which offers individual taxpayers the means to engage with their political economies in three ways. After joining the TaxTrack program, an individual can: (1) see and understand how much, and what types, of taxes they have contributed, (2) see and understand how their tax contributions are, or have been, used, and (3) control what their tax contributions can, or cannot, be spent on. We explain this democratic innovation in two ways. The first is through evocation to prefigure what the innovation could look like in future practise which raises the prospects for both good and problematic outcomes. The second is through formal theory to produce a detailed model of the innovation to assist theory building. We conclude by discussing three interactive outcomes of 'TaxTrack' through the democratic innovations literature to establish the beginnings of a theory for the model. This theory tells us that 'TaxTrack' can return benefits to its users and the democratic regimes in which they are located but it may also place restrictions on output-oriented innovations like Participatory Budgeting.