Exploration on the influencing factors and establishment of a risk model
for the time of virus turning negative of asymptomatic or mild Covid-19
Background. Patients are allowed to be released from quarantine after
virus turns negative for asymptomatic or mild covid-19. Factors
affecting the negative conversion of nucleic acid are unknown. Methods.
This study included asymptomatic or mild covid-19 patients quarantined
in Shanghai shelter hospital from April to May 2022. They were tested
daily for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid. The clinical characteristics were
collected. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression were used to
explore the relationship between clinical characteristics and the time
of virus turning negative (TTN), finally a risk model was established.
Results. A total of 7836 patients enrolled were divided into training or
validation set randomly. In training set, age (≥40 Y), symptoms (yes) ,
diabetes (yes) and vaccination status(yes) were correlated with TTN. We
used HR values of the above factors in multivariate Cox regression as
risk coefficients to build a risk model for predicting TTN. TTN of
patients with high risk score was longer than with low risk score. This
risk model has been well validated in the validation set and the
complete set. Conclusions. Our study found that age, symptoms, diabetes
and vaccination status were correlated with the TTN,and we first build a
risk model to predict TTN in asymptomatic or mild Covid-19.