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Optimal Temperature Management in Aortic Arch Surgery: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis
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  • Djamila Abjigitova,
  • Maximiliaan Notenboom,
  • Kevin M. Veen,
  • Gabriëlle van Tussenbroek,
  • Jos Bekkers,
  • Mostafa M. Mokhles,
  • Ad Bogers
Djamila Abjigitova
Erasmus MC

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Maximiliaan Notenboom
Erasmus MC
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Kevin M. Veen
Erasmus MC
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Gabriëlle van Tussenbroek
Erasmus MC
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Jos Bekkers
Erasmus MC
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Mostafa M. Mokhles
Universitair Medisch Centrum Utrecht
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Ad Bogers
Erasmus MC
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Objectives: New temperature management concepts of moderate and mild hypothermic circulatory arrest during aortic arch surgery have gained weight over profound cooling. Comparisons of all temperature levels have rarely been performed. We performed direct and indirect comparisons of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) (≤20°C), moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest (MHCA) (20.1°C to 25°C), and mild hypothermic circulatory arrest (mild HCA) (≥25.1°C) in a network meta-analysis. Methods: The literature was systematically searched for all papers published through February 2022 reporting on clinical outcomes after aortic arch surgery utilizing DHCA, MHCA and mild HCA. The primary outcome was operative morality. The secondary outcomes were postoperative stroke and acute kidney failure (AKI). Results: A total of 34 studies were included, with a total of 12 370 patients. DHCA was associated with significantly higher postoperative incidence of stroke when compared with MHCA (odds ratio (OR), 1.46, 95% (confidence interval) CI, 1.19-1.78) and mild HCA: (OR, 1.50, 95% CI, 1.14-1.98). Furthermore, DHCA and MHCA were associated with higher operative mortality when compared with mild HCA (OR 1.71, 95% CI, 1.23-2.39 and OR 1.50, 95% CI, 1.12-2.00, respectively). Separate analysis of randomized and propensity score matched studies showed sustained increased risk of stroke with DHCA in contrast to MHCA and mild HCA (OR, 1.61, 95% CI, 1.18-2.20, P-value = 0.0029 and OR, 1.74, 95% CI, 1.09-2.77, P-value = 0.019). Conclusions: In the included studies, the moderate to mild hypothermia strategies were associated with decreased operative mortality and the risk of postoperative stroke. Large-scale prospective studies are warranted to further explore appropriate temperature management for the treatment of aortic arch pathologies.
23 Aug 2022Submitted to Journal of Cardiac Surgery
23 Aug 2022Submission Checks Completed
23 Aug 2022Assigned to Editor
05 Sep 2022Reviewer(s) Assigned
19 Sep 2022Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
10 Oct 2022Editorial Decision: Revise Major
26 Oct 20221st Revision Received
27 Oct 2022Submission Checks Completed
27 Oct 2022Assigned to Editor
27 Oct 2022Reviewer(s) Assigned
29 Oct 2022Editorial Decision: Accept
Dec 2022Published in Journal of Cardiac Surgery volume 37 issue 12 on pages 5379-5387. 10.1111/jocs.17206