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INMUNOCAT Study: the impact of molecular diagnosis on immunotherapy prescription in pollen polysensitized patients from Catalonia
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  • Moises Labrador-Horrillo,
  • Teresa Garriga-Baraut,
  • Mercè Tena,
  • M.M. San Miguel Moncín
Moises Labrador-Horrillo
Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron Servei de Medicina Interna

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Teresa Garriga-Baraut
Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron Servei de Medicina Interna
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Mercè Tena
Thermo Fisher Diagnostics Ltd
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M.M. San Miguel Moncín
PIUS Hospital de Valls
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Background: Recognition of specific allergens triggering immune response is key for the appropriate prescription of allergen-specific immunotherapy (SIT). This study aimed at evaluating the impact of using the commercially available microarray ImmunoCAP TM ISAC 112 (Thermo Fisher Scientific) on the etiological diagnosis and SIT prescription compared to the conventional diagnostic methods in patients with allergic rhinitis/rhinoconjunctivitis and/or asthma. Methods: 300 patients with respiratory allergic disease, sensitized to three or more pollen aeroallergens from different species, as assessed by skin prick-test (SPT) and specific IgE assays (sIgE), were included in this multicentric, prospective observational study. SPT and a blood test were performed to all patients. Total serum IgE, sIgE (ImmunoCAP TM) for allergens found positive in the SPT and sIgE allergen components (ImmunoCAP TM ISAC 112) were measured. Results: According to SPT results, the most prevalent pollen sensitizers in our population were Olea europaea followed by grass, Platanus acerifolia and Parietaria judaica. The molecular diagnosis (MD) revealed Ole e 1 as the most prevalent pollen sensitizer, followed by Cup a 1, Phl p 1, Cyn d 1, Par j 2, Pla a 1, 2, and 3 and Phl p 5. Immunotherapy prescription changed, due to MD testing, in 51% of the cases, with an increase of prescription of SIT from 39% to 65%. Conclusion: The identification of the allergen eliciting the respiratory disease is essential for a correct immunotherapy prescription. The advances in allergen characterization using methods such as the commercial microarray ImmunoCAP TM ISAC 112 can help clinicians to improve SIT prescription.