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CRISPR and CAR-T, NK Current application and future perspective
  • +2
  • mohadeseh khoshandam,
  • Mohadeseh Khoshandam,
  • Hossein Soltaninejad,
  • Amir Ali Hamidieh,
  • Saman Hosseinkhani
mohadeseh khoshandam

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile
Mohadeseh Khoshandam
National institute of genetic engineering and biotechnology (NIGEB), Department of Reproductive Biology, Academic Center for Education, Culture, and Research (ACECR)
Hossein Soltaninejad
Pediatric Cell Therapy and Gene Therapy Research Center, Gene ,Cell & Tissue Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Interdisciplinary Science and Technology, Tarbiat Modares University
Amir Ali Hamidieh
Pediatric Cell Therapy and Gene Therapy Research Center, Gene ,Cell & Tissue Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Saman Hosseinkhani
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University


Chimeric Antigen Receptor T-cells represent a breakthrough in personalized cancer therapy. In this strategy, synthetic receptors comprised of antigen recognition, signaling, and stimulatory domains are used to reprogram T-cells to target tumor cells for destruction. Despite the success of this approach in refractory B-cell malignancies, optimal potency of CAR T-cell therapy for many other cancers, particularly solid tumors, has not been achieved. NK cells are powerful cytotoxic lymphocytes specialized in recognizing and dispensing with changed cells, and in coordinating versatile anti-tumor immunity.NK cells are as a rule practically depleted within the tumor microenvironment. In like manner, current investigate endeavors center on exactness designing of CAR T-cells with routine CRISPR-Cas9 frameworks or novel editors that can introduce craved hereditary changes with or without presentation of a double-stranded break into the genome. These instruments and methodologies can be specifically connected to focusing on negative controllers of T-cell work, coordinating helpful transgenes to particular genomic loci, and producing reproducibly secure and powerful allogeneic widespread CAR T-cell items for on-demand cancer immunotherapy. The revelation and improvement of the CRISPR/Cas9 innovation offer an adaptable and proficient gene-editing capability in tweaking different pathways that intercede NK cell fatigue and in outfitting NK cells with novel chimeric antigen receptors to particularly target tumor cells. Despite the tall productivity in its gene-editing capability, trouble within the conveyance of the CRISPR/Cas9 framework remains a major bottleneck for its restorative applications, especially for NK cells.This review assesses a