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The host-feeding choice of early-instar Mythimna separata larvae can be regulated by female-released sex pheromone
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  • Jiyuan Liu,
  • Shichang Cheng,
  • Tong Zhou,
  • Ruichi Li,
  • Zhen Tian
Jiyuan Liu
Northwest A&F University

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Shichang Cheng
Yangzhou University
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Tong Zhou
Yangzhou University
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Ruichi Li
Northwest A&F University
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Zhen Tian
Northwest A&F University
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Abstract

Insect sex pheromones are important chemical signals in sexual communication, they are traditionally thought to be inactive to larvae. However, it was found that some lepidopteran larvae can be significantly attracted by sex pheromones of the same species in a food context. Here we reported that the host-feeding choice of early-instar Mythimna separata larvae can be effectively regulated by the sex pheromone component (Z)-11-hexadecenal (Z11-16: Ald). Further exploration revealed that two olfactory proteins, M. separata general odorant binding protein 2 (MsGOBP2) and olfactory receptor 3 (MsOR3), were molecular basis of the host-feeding choice regulation mediated by Z11-16: Ald. Silencing either MsGOBP2 or MsOR3 led to a sharply reduced preference for Z11-16: Ald-spiked hosts. It is possible that the Z11-16: Ald-based preference of the M. separata larvae for host is governed by the interplay between MsGOBP2 and MsOR3. In the present research, the interactions between MsGOBP2 and Z11-16: Ald were also discussed using molecular dynamics-based approaches. Our research explored insight into the Z11-16: Ald-mediated host-feeding choice regulation of M. separata larvae, all the results would aid in developing olfaction-based methods for controlling pests in larval stage.