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KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES, AND BEHAVIORS OF IMAMS ON PROSTATE CANCER
  • +2
  • Hüseyin Üçer,
  • Hamit Sırrı Keten,
  • Celal Kuş,
  • Numan Güvenç,
  • Oğuz Işık
Hüseyin Üçer
Kahramanmaras

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Hamit Sırrı Keten
Gaziantep Universitesi Tip Fakultesi
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Celal Kuş
Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam Universitesi Tip Fakultesi
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Numan Güvenç
kahramanmaras
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Oğuz Işık
adana
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Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of imams on Prostate Cancer (PC). Methods: This study was carried out on 287 imams serving in Kahramanmaraş province in Turkey. A questionnaire investigating the sociodemographic characteristics of the participants and their knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors on PC was conducted. Results: The mean age of imams was 40.46±8.93 (min=22, max=60). 266 (92.7%) of the participants said they had heard of PC and 16 (5.6%) had heard of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. Knowledge score of imams about PC was 8.66±5.21 (min=0, max=21). Knowledge score of imams did not change according to marital status (p=0.304) and education level (p=0.16), but knowledge score significantly increased with age groups (as age increased) (p=0.010). 9 (3.1%) of the participants said they had previously received training on PC, and 208 (72.5%) wanted to get training. As a source of information about PC, 169 (58.9%) of the participants stated television/radio, 82 (28.6%) stated the internet, and 49 (17.1%) stated health workers. 208 of the imams (72.5%) stated that risk of PC increased with age and 114 (39.7%) participants stated that risk of PC increased with family history of PC. 120 (41.8%) of the participants stated that decreased urine quantity may be a sign of PC, 152 (53.0%) stated that burning and pain sensation while urination can be a sign of PC, and 41 (14.3%) stated that back pain may be a sign of PC. Conclusions: Results of the present study revealed that imams lack significant knowledge on PC. Trainings on PC should be organized for imams and the issuance of fatwa for PC should be encouraged. The coordinated work of media, medical personnel and religious officials on PC will be an important factor in the fight against PC.