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Fear, anxiety, burnout, and insomnia levels of healthcare workers during COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey
  • Yavuz Yılmaz,
  • Ali Erdoğan,
  • Erdi Bahadır
Yavuz Yılmaz
Gumushane State Hospital

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Ali Erdoğan
Akdeniz University
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Erdi Bahadır
Gumushane State Hospital
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Rationale, aims and objectives: This study aims to assess fear, anxiety, anxiety sensitivity, burnout, and insomnia of healthcare workers (HCWs) during novel coronavirus-2019 (COVID-19) outbreak and to identify their relation to sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. Method: Totally 600 HCWs were included in this cross-sectional study. A Sociodemographic Data Form, Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS), Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S), Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 (ASI-3), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), and Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) were used. Results: Of participants, 364 were females and 236 were males with a mean age of 33.49±7.29 years. About 95.3% of HCWs had a fear of infecting their loved ones. Mean MBI and ISI scores were significantly higher among HCWs working in COVID-19 clinics and intensive care units (p=0,000; p=0,039). Mean CAS, FCV-19S, MBI, and ISI scores were significantly higher in women than men (p=0,000; p=0,000; p=0,027; p=0,005). Mean CAS and ISI scores were significantly higher among nurses (p=0,008; p=0,004), while mean ASI-3 of the other HCWs and MBI scores of physicians were significantly higher (p=0,009; p=0,000). Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic is a major health issue associated with psychiatric illnesses in HCW subgroups with distinct sociodemographic characteristics. It is of utmost importance to develop individualized preventive and therapeutic psychiatric services for HCWs.