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Epidemic Trend Analysis of SARS-CoV-2 in SAARC Countries Using Modified SIR (M-SIR) Predictive Model
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  • Samrat Kumar Dey,
  • Md. Mahbubur Rahman,
  • Kabid Hasan Shibly,
  • Umme Raihan Siddiqi,
  • Arpita Howlader
Samrat Kumar Dey
Bangladesh Open University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Md. Mahbubur Rahman
Military Institute of Science and Technology
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Kabid Hasan Shibly
Nara Institute of Science and Technology
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Umme Raihan Siddiqi
Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College and Hospital
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Arpita Howlader
Patuakhali Science and Technology University
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A novel coronavirus causing the severe and fatal respiratory syndrome was identified in China, is now producing outbreaks in more than two hundred countries around the world, and became pandemic by the time. In this article, a modified version of the well-known mathematical epidemic model Susceptible (S)- Infected (I)- Recovered (R) is used to analyze the epidemic’s course of COVID-19 in eight different countries of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). To achieve this goal, the parameters of the SIR model are identified by using publicly available data for the corresponding countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Based on the prediction model we estimated the epidemic trend of COVID-19 outbreak in SAARC countries for 20 days, 90 days, and 180 days respectively. An SML (short-mid-long) term prediction model has been designed to understand the early dynamics of the COVID-19 Epidemic in the southeast Asian region. The maximum and minimum basic reproduction numbers (R0 = 1.33 and 1.07) for SAARC countries are predicted to be in Pakistan and Bhutan. We equate simulation results with real data in the SAARC countries on the COVID-19 outbreak, and model potential countermeasure implementation scenarios. Our results should provide policymakers with a method for evaluating the impacts of possible interventions, including lockdown and social distancing, as well as testing and contact tracking.